Types of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a sight-stealing affliction that affects scores of men and women. It’s a frightening diagnosis for sure – but it’s an eye disorder that can be slowed and treated successfully when caught in time.
In a nutshell: glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that lead to progressive damage of the optic nerve. It’s characterized by loss of nerve tissue and results in the loss of vision.
The most common form of glaucoma is known as primary open-angle glaucoma. Basically, it’s an increase in the fluid pressure inside the eye. This increase in pressure may cause progressive damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve fibers. Vision loss may result.
Advanced glaucoma may even cause blindness.
But not everyone with high eye pressure will develop glaucoma, while many people with normal eye pressure will.
The second form of glaucoma is known as angle-closure glaucoma (or closed-angle glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma). This is a less common form of the disease, but it is a medical emergency that can cause vision loss within a day of its onset.
Secondary glaucoma occurs as a result of an injury or other eye diseases. It may be caused by a variety of medical conditions, medications, physical injuries, and eye abnormalities. Infrequently, eye surgery can be associated with secondary glaucoma.
Normal-tension glaucoma involves eye pressure within the normal range, but the optic nerve is damaged nevertheless. Doctors are not sure why this happens.
The eye specialists at Global Laser & Eye Center can diagnose all types of eye ailments – quickly and correctly.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, we urge you to contact us immediately and arrange for an eye test and consultation.
- Hazy or blurred vision
- The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
- Severe eye and head pain
- Nausea or vomiting (accompanying severe eye pain)
- Sudden sight loss
- Redness in the eye
- An eye that looks hazy (particularly in infants)
- Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision)
Treatment of Glaucoma
The most common first-line treatment of glaucoma is prescription eye drops that must be taken regularly. In some cases, medications, laser treatments, or surgery may be required.
While there is no cure as yet for glaucoma, early diagnosis and continuing treatment can preserve your eyesight.
Your eye doctor may opt for…
Medications: There are a number of medications that can reduce elevated pressure within your eye. You may be prescribed one or several.
Laser surgery: – Trabeculoplasty helps drain fluid drain from the eye. The procedure may need to be repeated in the future.
Conventional surgery: Our eye specialists may opt for a procedure called a trabeculectomy. This filtering microsurgery involves creating a drainage flap that allows the fluid to drain into the vascular system.
Drainage implants: This surgical procedure may be an option for people with uncontrolled glaucoma, secondary glaucoma or for children with glaucoma. A small silicone tube helps drain fluid.
By keeping eye pressure under control, continued damage to the optic nerve and continued loss of your visual field may slow or stop. Early detection, prompt treatment, and regular monitoring can help to control glaucoma and therefore reduce the chances of progressive vision loss.
Risk Factors of Glaucoma
Certain factors can increase the risk of developing glaucoma.
- Family history
- Medical conditions
- Injuries to the eye
- Corneal thickness
- Optic nerve appearance
- Retinal detachment
- Eye tumors
- Eye inflammations
- Corticosteroid use
If you are experiencing any symptoms of glaucoma, we urge you to contact us today to schedule an eye exam!
- 18632 Beach Blvd., Suite 100
- Huntington Beach, CA 92648