Cataracts occur when an eye lens becomes clouded or hazy. In a normal, disease-free eye, light has a clear path to the light sensors of the retina. Trouble arises when the proteins that comprise the lens clump together to create a vision-robbing cataract.
Risk Factors for Cataracts
Cataracts are more likely to occur in older individuals; however, there are many other factors – such as family history, diabetes, long-term exposure to ultraviolet rays, eye injuries or certain medications like steroids – that can spawn cataracts in people of all ages.
Types of Cataracts
Here are a few of the non-typical types of cataracts:
- Secondary cataract: These are the cataracts that form following surgery for glaucoma or other eye problems. They can also develop in people who have health problems such as diabetes. Cataracts have even been linked to steroid use.
- Traumatic cataract: These are the cataracts that develop after an eye injury – even injuries that occurred years earlier.
- Congenital cataract: Some babies are born with cataracts or develop them in childhood. These cataracts may be so small that they do not affect vision. If they do, the affected lenses may need to be removed.
- Radiation cataract: These are the cataracts that develop after exposure to radiation.
Symptoms of Cataracts
The most common signs of cataracts:
- Blurry or cloudy vision
- Lights seem too bright or trigger a “halo” effect
- Double vision in one eye
- Decreased night vision –and sensitivity to headlight glare
- Dull or fading colors
- Frequent changes in your corrective lens prescription
- Progressively decreasing vision
These symptoms can also be a sign of other eye problems. If you have any of these symptoms, please make sure you check with your eye care professional.
Cataract surgery has become an extremely common procedure. Complications are rare and treatable. The surgery improves the vision of patients about 95% of the time. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that usually takes less than 30 minutes to complete.
During the surgery, the doctor removes the cloudy natural lens from the eye while the patient is under a topical anesthesia. Next, the doctor inserts an intraocular lens (IOL), which remains permanently in place of the removed natural lens. The IOL compensates for the magnification the old lens provided.
After the operation the doctor will apply a shield for the eye and provide you with eye drops to use as directed.
Cataract Surgery Recovery
Many patients are sent home the same day as their procedure. With proper rest and avoidance of strenuous activities such, full recovery is enjoyed in a matter of days.
Most patients experience little more than minor discomfort. Several follow-up appointments will be required to ensure the eye is healing properly.
Experiencing any symptoms of cataracts? Please contact our office immediately for an eye exam and consultation!
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- Los Angeles, CA 90048
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